Learn the Complete C Programming Language Guide

On this occasion we will discuss learning the C programming language with a complete guide. Learning the C programming language is of course very important in developing applications with many excellent features. The C programming language is perfect for introducing programming concepts with a complete guide.

What is the C programming language, what does it do? and why should we study it? in this tutorial will discuss from the start the understanding, history and its use. 

See : 12 Types of Programming Languages ​​Needed in the World of Work

What is the C Programming Language?

The C programming language is a PC programming language that can be utilized to make different applications (universally useful programming language), going from working frameworks (like Windows or Linux), antivirus, picture preparing programming, to compilers for programming dialects, where C is broadly used to make other programming dialects, one of which is PHP. 

Despite the fact that it is a universally useful programming language, a programming language that can make different applications, the C programming language is generally reasonable for planning applications that are straightforwardly identified with working frameworks and equipment. This is indistinguishable from the first motivation behind the C language being created. 

The C programming language was first made by Dennis M. Ritchie in 1972. Around then Ritchie worked at Bell Labs, an exploration place situated in Murray Hill, New Jersey, United States. 

Ritchie made the C programming language to foster the UNIX working framework. Beforehand, the UNIX working framework was made utilizing low level computing construct (low level computing construct). Be that as it may, low level computing construct itself is exceptionally convoluted and hard to create. 

Fully intent on supplanting low level computing construct, scientists at Bell Labs made the B programming language. Be that as it may, the B programming language additionally had a few deficiencies, which was at last finished by the C programming language. 

It was in C language that the UNIX working framework was revised. Thusly, UNIX turned into the premise of numerous advanced working frameworks today, including Linux, Mac OS (iOS), to the Android working framework.

History of C Language

Around 1960, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Bell Labs, and General Electric teamed up to foster a working framework for the GE-645 centralized server PC. Around there, a PC could be just about as large as a room. 

This working framework is called Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computer Services). The rise of Multics brought numerous developments, yet the programming language utilized was very unpredictable. 

Not having any desire to burn through a great deal of time creating Multics, specialists from Bell Labs step by step left the undertaking, including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, M. D. McIlroy, and J. F. Ossanna. 

Chime Labs itself is a multi-disciplinary research center situated in Murray Hill, New Jersey, United States. Around then Bell Labs was under the organization AT&T Corporation (presently Bell Labs is under Nokia: www.bell-labs.com) 

Scientists at Bell Labs are attempting to redevelop a more straightforward working framework than Multics. This working framework was named Unics (Uniplexed Information and Computing Service), which later changed its name to UNIX.

Why Should You Learn C Language?

Here are a portion of the advantages of learning the C language: 
  • Reasonable for learning by novices who need to encounter codification. 
  • Simple to learn and numerous assets. 
  • Parent of all programming dialects. 
  • Still being used today 
  • Can be utilized on different stages, for example, Windows, Linux, MacOS, Android and so forth 
  • Runs very quick when utilized on a machine.

Features and Advantages of Language C

Here are a portion of the highlights and benefits of the C programming language when contrasted with other programming dialects: 

C as a procedural programming language 

The idea of procedural writing computer programs is a programming strategy where each order line is handled successively from the top line to the main concern. Furthermore, there can be extra capacities (works) that are utilized to finish different undertakings. The C programming language has a place with this gathering. 

Aside from procedural ideas, there are additionally object-situated programming ideas. In the item programming language, each errand will be executed utilizing classes and articles. An illustration of an item programming language is JAVA. 

For fledglings, it is energetically prescribed to learn procedural programming language first and afterward go into object programming language. This is likewise motivation to learn C prior to getting into object programming dialects ​​like JAVA. 

A few programming dialects ​​exist that help both procedural and article ideas, for instance the C ++, Python and PHP programming dialects. 

The C language is quick and effective 

Applications made utilizing the C language can be executed rapidly and are little in size. This is on the grounds that C can discuss straightforwardly with equipment, a component that is infrequently accessible in current programming dialects ​​such as JAVA, PHP, or Python. 

Notwithstanding, this additionally has disadvantages. The C language is moderately straightforward and needs current highlights like trash assortment and dynamic composing. 

C is a compact language 

That is, the C programming language can be recompiled so it runs on different working frameworks without the need to change existing code. Applications made on Windows in the C language can be moved to Linux with almost no adjustment. 

C is the "mother" of present day programming dialects 

The C programming language has motivated numerous other programming dialects, like C ++, C #, Objective C, PHP, JAVA, JavaScript and some more. By learning the C language, you will be natural and simpler when moving to another programming language that is a subordinate of the C language.

Tools For Learning Language C

What ought to be arranged or introduced? All things considered we just need two apparatuses, to be specific a content manager and a compiler. Aside from introducing a content manager, you should likewise introduce a compiler. Instances of apparatuses that you can utilize incorporate the accompanying: 

Content tool: Notepad ++, Vs Code and so on 

Compiler: MinGW (disconnected), Jdoodle, Glot.io, Repl.it (on the web). 

The content tool is utilized to compose program code, while the compiler is utilized to decipher the program so it tends to be perceived by the PC.  C programming can likewise be run utilizing an IDE (Integrated Development Environment). The IDE is an extraordinary content tool with an underlying compiler. 

So pick which one? Confounded? Pick one of them. Yet, in the event that you need to introduce everything simultaneously without expecting to introduce the compiler so Gacape twice, at that point I suggest utilizing the IDE.

Basic Structure of Language C

The program structure that is made is of course very simple, but this simple structure can represent the basic structure of the C programming language, here is the program code:
#include <stdio.h>
int main(void)
  printf("Hello, Forumkoding!\n");
  return 0;

#include <stdio.h> 

At the absolute starting point, there is the code #include. The #include order is utilized to embed an exceptional document that permits us to get to extra highlights in the C language. 

In the model over, the stdio.h document contains program code so later we can get to the printf order. The stdio.h document itself represents Standard Input/Output. 

All in all, so later in the program code we can utilize the printf order, at the actual top of the C program code there should be the line #include <stdio.h>. This incorporate record is likewise regularly alluded to as a header document, and due to that it additionally utilizes the .h postfix. 

The C language applies a particular idea, where the highlights are parted into different documents. In the event that you need to utilize a particular order, call the proper header record. 

Subsequently, the document size of projects written in C has gotten effective. We just need to utilize the header records we need. Be that as it may, in actuality, each time you need to utilize a specific order, you should incorporate the necessary header document.

Int main (void) {}

This is the only command that should be included in every C language program lpde, namely main ().

The main () structure itself is a function (function). The contents of this function begin and end with curly braces ('{}'). Inside these brackets is to store the contents of the main () function code.

The int code before the main () function indicates the return value or the final result of a function main (). The code stands for Integer. that is, the integer data type.

Thus, the main () program code that the admin writes must produce the month number (using return) which we will discuss later. Meanwhile, additional vid to main (void), of course, indicates that the main () function does not require an input value.

printf ("Hello, Forumkoding! \ n"); 

The printf order is utilized to show something on the screen. This order is important for stdio.h, so on the off chance that we need to utilize it, there should be an order line #include <stdio.h> at the earliest reference point of the C language program code. 

The content you need to show is written in sections and in twofold statements, as so: printf ("Hello, Forumkoding! \ N"); The aftereffect of this order will show the content Hello, World! on the screen. In any case, what is the capacity of the additional character \ n? 

At the point when written in text, the "\" character is known as a departure character. Its capacity is to show non-writable characters. For instance, \ n is an order to compose a newline character, which is a newline marker character. 

That is, the order printf ("Hello, Forumkoding! \ N") will show the content "Hi, Forumkoding!", Then move to another line. The C language upholds different break characters which we will likewise find out about later. 

After the end bracket of the printf order, it should be shut with a semicolon (semi-colon), that is, a "; ". Each order in C language, should end with this sign, aside from a couple of unique orders. Neglecting to add a semicolon to the furthest limit of an order is a typical mistake.

Return 0; 

Order return 0; identifies with the past int principle (void) code. This is the place where we close the primary () work which simultaneously closes the C language program code. 

Return 0 intends to return the worth 0 (zero) to the working framework that runs this program code. A worth of 0 shows that the program code is running typically and there are no issues (EXIT_SUCCESS). 

We can likewise compose return 1, return 99, return - 1, and so forth These qualities ​​can later be utilized by the working framework or different projects. A return esteem other than 0 is viewed as a blunder or something incorrectly (EXIT_FAILURE). 

Should this order Return 0 be composed? Should be composed! in the event that we adhere to the ideal C language structure. Anyway a few compilers (counting Code: Blocks which I use), will "pardon" if this order isn't composed and add the order return 0 naturally (not suggested).


Learning the C programming language is of course very important because with this language we can create applications with a program syntax that is not too complicated, of course and this programming language has several advantages such as procedural language and a very complex language which of course can make it easier when we learn it.

Maybe that is what the admin can convey in this article, hopefully this article can provide benefits and knowledge for readers. Thank you for visiting and reading this article on the Complete Guide to Learning the C Programming Language

Also read: 12 Types of Programming Languages ​​Needed in the World of Work

Greetings Success :)

By: Muhammad Rizal Supriadi

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